Old Persian names

Old Persian names

Based on Kent, Old Persian Grammar.

Achaemenes. See Haxâmanish.
[Ainairya
a Babylonian]
Ardaxcashca (or -shda)
probably miswritten for Artaxerxes, q.v.
Ardumanish
ally of Darius
Ariaramnes. See Ariyamna,
Ariyamna (Gk. Ariaramnes)
great-grandfather of Darius
Arsaces. See Arshaka
Arsames. See Arshâma.
Arses.
Son of Artaxerxes III.
Arshaka. (Gk. Arsaces).
Arshâma (Gk. Arsames).
Persian king.
Artavardiya
one of Darius’s generals
Artaxerxes (Gk), Artaxshasa.
(I, son of Xerxes; II, son of Darius II; III, son of Artaxerxes II)
Artostes.
Son of Darius II.
[Arxa, Arkha.
An Armenian rebel]
[Âsina,
an Elamite rebel]
Aspacanah (Gk Aspathines)
bow-bearer of Darius
[Atamaita, [U]mamaita.
An Elamite rebel]
Athiyabaushna,
father of Arsaces
Bagâbigna.
A Persian, father of Hydarnes
Bagabuxsha (Gk. Megabyzus).
An ally of Darius.
Bardiya (Gk. Smerdis).
Brother of Cambyses
Cambyses. See Kambûjiya
[Cincixri.
Father of Martiya]
[Cisantaxma.
a Sagartian rebel]
Cishpi (Gk Teispes).
King of Elam about 610 B.C., ancestor of Cyrus and Darius.
Cyaxares. See Uvaxshtra.
Cyrus. See Kûru
Dâdarshi.
(1) An Armenian, (2) a Persian, satrap of Bactria.
Dârayavahu (Gk. Darius).
(I, son of Hystaspen, king 522-486 B.C.; II, son of Artaxerxes I, king 426-04 B.C.)
Darius. See Dârayavahu.
Dâtuvahya.
Father of Megabyzus
[Frâda.
A Margian rebel]
Fravarti.
A Median rebel.
Gaubaruva (Gk. Gobryas).
Ally of Darius
Gaumâta.
Median pretender, enemy of Darius, who took the name of Smerdis.
Gobryas. See Gaubaruva.
[Haldita.
An Armenian, father of Arkha]
Haxâmanish (Gk. Achaemenes).
Founder of the Achaemenian dynasty.
Hydarnes. See Vindarna.
Hystaspes. See Vishtâspa.
[Imanish,
name assumed by the Elamite rebel Martiya]
Intaphernes. See Vindafarnah.
Kambûjiya (Gk. Cambyses).
(1) father of Cyrus the Great; (2) son of Cyrus the Great, king of Persia before Darius
Kûru (Gk. Cyrus).
Founder of the Persian Empire
Marduniya (Gk. Mardonius).
Father of Gobryas
[Martiya.
A Susian rebel.]
Megabyzus. See Bagabuxsha.
[Nabonidus]
[Nabukudracara (Nebuchadrezzar),
son of Nabonidus; name assumed by the rebels Nidintu-Bel and Arkha]
[Nabunaita (Gk Nabonidus).
Last king of the New Babylonian Empire, 556-39 B.C.]
[Nidintu-Bel.
A Babylonian]
Otanes. See Utana.
Phraotes.
A Median rebel.
[Skunxa.
A Scythian rebel]
Smerdis. See Gaumâta, Bardiya
Sogdianus.
Son of Artaxerxes I,
Taxmaspâda.
One of Darius’s generals
Teispes. See Cishpi.
Thuxra.
Father of Otanes.
[Upadarma,
father of Âsina]
Utana (Gk. Otanes)
ally of Darius
(h)Uvaxshtra (Gk. Cyaxares),
former king of Media
Vahauka.
Father of Ardumanish
Vahumisa (Gk. Vaumisa).
A Persian officer of Darius.
Vahyavishdâpaya.
Uncertain word in Sd, probably a corrupt writing of a man’s name.
Vahyazdâta,
A Persian rebel.
Vaumisa. See Vahumisa.
Vâyaspâra.
Father of Intaphernes
Vindafarnah (Gk. Intaphernes)
A Persian, ally of Darius.
Vindarna (Gk. Hydarnes).
A Persian, ally of Darius.
Vishtâspa (Gk. Hystaspes).
Father of Darius.
Vivâna.
A Persian, satrap in Arachosia.
Xerxes. See Xshayârshan.
Xshathrita,
name assumed by the Median rebel Phraortes
Xshayârshan (Gk Xerxes).
Persian King.

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