Burning Zoroastrian scriptures and Persian royal archives (by Alexander the Great)
The burning of Persepolis/Pārśapura, ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire, was one of the stains on the record of Alexander the Great,
The Book of Arda Wiraz, a Zoroastrian work composed in the 3rd or 4th century CE, mentions the destruction of Royal archives and of “all the Avesta (Zoroastrian Scriptures) and Zend (commentraries)” which were “written with gold ink upon prepared cow-skins”. The Bundahishn – an encyclopædiaic collection of Zoroastrian cosmogony and cosmology – also refers to “Aleskandar” (Alexander) having burned the Avesta following his defeat of “Dara” (Darius III). For this act of sacrilege, Alexander’s name was regularly accompanied in Zoroastrian texts by the appelation Gojastak or Gojaste (The Damned).